Spellings Resource Centre for Key Stage 1 & 2

Welcome to our Spellings Centre. Lists, tests, games and worksheets, all about Spellings!

2014 Spelling Curriculum

The new English curriculum for 2014 provides clear and distinct guidelines for the type of spellings to be taught throughout Key Stage 1 and 2. There are statutory lists of words that need to be learnt within each year group in addition to spelling patterns that need to be taught. All the spelling guidelines are contained within the English – Appendix 1: Spelling

Key Stage 1

A spelling test will be a part of the English Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation Key Stage 1 tests to be taken from 2016 onwards. There are two parts to the spelling test: the first comprises 10 picture items, and the second is made up of 10 target words contained in sentences. These 20 words are taken from the statutory list of spelling patterns and words that are described in the English – Appendix 1: Spelling. The test will be of a similar nature to current Key Stage 1 testing materials. There are currently no available sample materials but these will be available from summer 2015.

Year 1 Spelling Requirements

The following text is taken from the Appendix 1: Spelling and dictates what spelling work should be taught in Year 1-

"Statutory requirements The boundary between revision of work covered in Reception and the introduction of new work may vary according to the programme used, but basic revision should include:
  • all letters of the alphabet and the sounds which they most commonly represent
  • consonant digraphs which have been taught and the sounds which they represent
  • vowel digraphs which have been taught and the sounds which they represent
  • the process of segmenting spoken words into sounds before choosing graphemes to represent the sounds
  • words with adjacent consonants
  • guidance and rules which have been taught"

The following sounds and example words are also from Appendix:1 Spelling and are the statutory spelling patterns and diagraphs to learn:

Spelling Pattern (Statutory requirements) Rules and guidence(Non-statutory) Example Words (Non-statutory)
The sounds /f/, /l/, /s/, /z/ and /k/ spelt ff, ll, ss, zz and ck The /f/, /l/, /s/, /z/ and /k/ sounds are usually spelt as ff, ll, ss, zz and ck if they come straight after a single vowel letter in short words. Exceptions: if, pal, us, bus, yes. off, well, miss, buzz, back
The /ŋ/ sound spelt n before k bank, think, honk, sunk
Division of words into syllables Each syllable is like a ‘beat’ in the spoken word. Words of more than one syllable often have an unstressed syllable in which the vowel sound is unclear. pocket, rabbit, carrot, thunder, sunset
-tch The /tʃ/ sound is usually spelt as tch if it comes straight after a single vowel letter. Exceptions: rich, which, much, such. catch, fetch, kitchen, notch, hutch
The /v/ sound at the end of words English words hardly ever end with the letter v, so if a word ends with a /v/ sound, the letter e usually needs to be added after the ‘v’. have, live, give
Adding s and es to words (plural of nouns and the third person singular of verbs) If the ending sounds like /s/ or /z/, it is spelt as –s. If the ending sounds like /ɪz/ and forms an extra syllable or ‘beat’ in the word, it is spelt as –es. cats, dogs, spends, rocks, thanks, catches
Adding the endings –ing, –ed and –er to verbs where no change is needed to the root word –ing and –er always add an extra syllable to the word and –ed sometimes does. The past tense of some verbs may sound as if it ends in /ɪd/ (extra syllable), /d/ or /t/ (no extra syllable), but all these endings are spelt –ed. If the verb ends in two consonant letters (the same or different), the ending is simply added on. hunting, hunted, hunter, buzzing, buzzed, buzzer, jumping, jumped, jumper
Division of words into syllables Each syllable is like a ‘beat’ in the spoken word. Words of more than one syllable often have an unstressed syllable in which the vowel sound is unclear. pocket, rabbit, carrot, thunder, sunset
Adding –er and –est to adjectives where no change is needed to the root word As with verbs (see above), if the adjective ends in two consonant letters (the same or different), the ending is simply added on. grander, grandest, fresher, freshest, quicker, quickest

Vowel digraphs and trigraphs - Some may already be known, depending on the programmes used in Reception, but some will be new.

Vowel diagraphs and trigraphs(Statutory requirements) Rules and guidence(Non-statutory) Example Words (Non-statutory)
ai, oi The digraphs ai and oi are virtually never used at the end of English words. rain, wait, train, paid, afraid oil, join, coin, point, soil
ay, oy ay and oy are used for those sounds at the end of words and at the end of syllables. day, play, say, way, stay boy, toy, enjoy, annoy
a–e made, came, same, take, safe
e–e these, theme, complete
i–e five, ride, like, time, side
o–e home, those, woke, hope, hole
u–e Both the /u:/ and /ju:/ (‘oo’ and ‘yoo’) sounds can be spelt as u–e. June, rule, rude, use, tube, tune
ar car, start, park, arm, garden
ee see, tree, green, meet, week
ea (/i:/) sea, dream, meat, each, read (present tense)
ea (/ɛ/) head, bread, meant, instead, read (past tense)
er (/ɜ:/) (stressed sound): her, term, verb, person
er(/ə/) (unstressed schwa sound): better, under, summer, winter, sister
ir girl, bird, shirt, first, third
ur turn, hurt, church, burst, Thursday
oo (/u:/) Very few words end with the letters oo, although the few that do are often words that primary children in year 1 will encounter, for example, zoo food, pool, moon, zoo, soon
oo (/ʊ/) book, took, foot, wood, good
oe toe, goes
ou The only common English word ending in ou is you. out, about, mouth, around, sound
ow (/aʊ/) (/əʊ/) ow ue ew Both the /u:/ and /ju:/ (‘oo’ and ‘yoo’) sounds can be spelt as u–e, ue and ew. If words end in the /oo/ sound, ue and ew are more common spellings than oo. now, how, brown, down, town own, blow, snow, grow, show blue, clue, true, rescue, Tuesday new, few, grew, flew, drew, threw
ie (/aɪ/) lie, tie, pie, cried, tried, dried
ie(/i:/) chief, field, thief
igh high, night, light, bright, right
or for, short, born, horse, morning
ore more, score, before, wore, shore
aw saw, draw, yawn, crawl
au author, August, dinosaur, astronaut
air air, fair, pair, hair, chair
ear dear, hear, beard, near, year
ear(/ɛə/) bear, pear, wear
are(/ɛə/) bare, dare, care, share, scared
Word Types(Statutory requirements) Rules and guidence(Non-statutory) Example Words (Non-statutory)
Words ending –y (/i:/ or /ɪ/) very, happy, funny, party, family
New consonant spellings ph and wh The /f/ sound is not usually spelt as ph in short everyday words (e.g. fat, fill, fun). dolphin, alphabet, phonics, elephant when, where, which, wheel, while
Using k for the /k/ sound The /k/ sound is spelt as k rather than as c before e, i and y. Kent, sketch, kit, skin, frisky
Adding the prefix –un The prefix un– is added to the beginning of a word without any change to the spelling of the root word. unhappy, undo, unload, unfair, unlock
Compound words Compound words are two words joined together. Each part of the longer word is spelt as it would be if it were on its own. football, playground, farmyard, bedroom, blackberry
Common exception words Pupils’ attention should be drawn to the grapheme-phoneme correspondences that do and do not fit in with what has been taught so far. the, a, do, to, today, of, said, says, are, were, was, is, his, has, I, you, your, they, be, he, me, she, we, no, go, so, by, my, here, there, where, love, come, some, one, once, ask, friend, school, put, push, pull, full, house, our – and/or others, according to the programme used

Year 2 Spelling Requirements

The following text is taken from the Appendix 1: Spelling which dictates what spelling work should be taught in Year 2- I have chosen to illustrate just the example word groups not the corresponding spelling pattern/diagraph and explanation. This can bee found in the Year 2 Section of English – Appendix 1: Spelling

Example Word Groups (Non-statutory)
badge, edge, bridge, dodge, fudge age, huge, change, charge, bulge, village gem, giant, magic, giraffe, energy jacket, jar, jog, join, adjust
race, ice, cell, city, fancy knock, know, knee, gnat, gnaw write, written, wrote, wrong, wrap
table, apple, bottle, little, middle camel, tunnel, squirrel, travel, towel, tinsel metal, pedal, capital, hospital, animal
pencil, fossil, nostril cry, fly, dry, try, reply, July flies, tries, replies, copies, babies, carries
copied, copier, happier, happiest, cried, replied …but copying, crying, replying hiking, hiked, hiker, nicer, nicest, shiny patting, patted, humming, hummed, dropping, dropped, sadder, saddest, fatter, fattest, runner, runny
all, ball, call, walk, talk, always other, mother, brother, nothing, Monday key, donkey, monkey, chimney, valley
want, watch, wander, quantity, squash word, work, worm, world, worth war, warm, towards
television, treasure, usual enjoyment, sadness, careful, playful, hopeless, plainness (plain + ness), badly merriment, happiness, plentiful, penniless, happily can’t, didn’t, hasn’t, couldn’t, it’s, I’ll
Megan’s, Ravi’s, the girl’s, the child’s, the man’s station, fiction, motion, national, section. there/their/they’re, here/hear, quite/quiet, see/sea, bare/bear, one/won, sun/son, to/too/two, be/bee, blue/blew, night/knight
door, floor, poor, because, find, kind, mind, behind, child, children*, Note: ‘children’ is not an exception to what has been taught so far but is included because of its relationship with ‘child’. wild, climb, most, only, both, old, cold, gold, hold, told, every, everybody, even, great, break, steak, pretty, beautiful, after, fast, last, past, father, class, grass, pass, plant, path, bath, hour, move, prove, improve, sure, sugar, eye, could, should, would, who, whole, any, many, clothes, busy, people, water, again, half, money, Mr, Mrs, parents, Christmas – and/or others according to programme used.
Key Stage 2 Spelling

The Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation Key Stage 2 test, to be taken from 2016 onwards, will contain a spelling task. It should take about 15 minutes and it is dictated by the class teacher.There will be 20 words to spell and these will be contained within sentences, the teacher usually reads out the word to spell first, then a sentence containing the word, then the word again. These 20 words are taken from the statutory list of spelling patterns and words that are described in the English – Appendix 1: Spelling. For more information about the new tests a sample paper and mark scheme has been published - Key stage 2 English grammar, punctuation and spelling

Statutory Word List for Year 3 & 4

These are the words that pupils in Years 3 and 4 need to know.

Word List
accident(ally) actual(ly) address answer appear arrive
believe bicycle breath breathe build busy/business
calendar caught centre century certain circle complete consider continue
decide describe different difficult disappear
early earth eight/eighth enough exercise experience experiment extreme
famous favourite February forward(s) fruit
grammar group guard guide
heard heart height history
imagine increase important interest island
knowledge learn length library
material medicine mention minute
natural naughty notice
occasion(ally) often opposite ordinary
particular peculiar perhaps popular position possess(ion) possible potatoes pressure
probably promise purpose
quarter question
recent regular reign remember
sentence separate special straight strange strength suppose surprise
therefore though/although thought through
various weight woman/women

Year 3 & 4 -Statutory Word Lists Worksheets

A group of worksheets to download and print out. They are a slightly different look, cover, write, check spelling list which use the statutory words from the Appendix 1 from the new National Curriculum 2014. All the lists are broken down into groups of 8 words.

We are sorry but we have not found any worksheets or games for this yeargroup in our database. Try a different year group for alternative content. Sometimes content for the year above or below might be suitable.

Statutory Word List Worksheets for Years 3 & 4 (SESL)

A group of worksheets to download and print out. A different 'look, cover, write, check' spelling list with alternative activities including missing letters, word shapes and syllables which uses the statutory words from the Appendix 1 from the new National Curriculum 2014. All the lists are broken down into groups of 10 words.

We are sorry but we have not found any worksheets or games for this yeargroup in our database. Try a different year group for alternative content. Sometimes content for the year above or below might be suitable.

Example Word Group Worksheets for Years 3 & 4

A group of worksheets to download and print out. A different 'look, cover, write, check' spelling list with alternative activities including missing letters, word shapes and syllables which covers the new statutory topics for spellings from the new National Curriculum 2014. All the lists are broken down into groups of 10 words.

Statutory Word List for Year 5 & 5

These are the words that pupils in Years 5 and 6 need to know.

Word List
accommodate accompany according achieve aggressive amateur ancient apparent appreciate
attached available average awkward bargain bruise
category cemetery committee communicate community competition conscience* conscious* controversy
convenience correspond criticise (critic + ise) curiosity
definite desperate determined develop dictionary disastrous
embarrass environment equip (–ped, –ment) especially exaggerate excellent existence explanation
familiar foreign forty frequently government guarantee
harass hindrance identity immediate(ly) individual interfere interrupt
language leisure lightning
marvellous mischievous muscle
necessary neighbour nuisance occupy occur opportunity
parliament persuade physical prejudice privilege profession programme pronunciation
queue recognise recommend relevant restaurant rhyme rhythm
sacrifice secretary shoulder signature sincere(ly) soldier stomach sufficient suggest
symbol system
temperature thorough twelfth variety vegetable vehicle yacht

Statutory Word List Worksheets - Year 5 & 6

A group of worksheets to download and print out. They are a slightly different look, cover, write, check spelling list which use the statutory words from the Appendix 1 from the new National Curriculum 2014. All the lists are broken down into groups of 8 words.

We are sorry but we have not found any worksheets or games for this yeargroup in our database. Try a different year group for alternative content. Sometimes content for the year above or below might be suitable.
Key Stage 2 Past Spelling Tests

The current spelling task, in the Key Stage 2 SATs, is to spell 20 words. The test will probably take about 15-20 minutes. The words children are tested on are taken from the statutory list of words to learn and the numerous statutory spelling topics which appear in the Spelling Appendix 1 of the 2014 national curriculum. The content covers all the words the children have learnt in Years 3 & 4 and Years 5 & 6.

The test comprises of the teacher reading out twenty sentences. Each sentence has a word missing in the answer booklet. The teacher reads the missing word, then the sentence and then the missing word again. The student has to fill in the missing word in their answer booklet.

Below are the spelling Past Papers. Each spelling test comprises of two booklets, the teachers script and the answer booklet.